Indian cuisine is not just fascinating but also very delicious. No one can ignore the blend of bold spices, tangy heat, and creamy sauce. Indian food culture is still mysterious in many ways. There are many particulars, which still people don’t know.

To enjoy your next treat with friends let’s get familiar with some unknown facts about Indian food.

Six different rasas [tastes]

Indian cuisine is popular to be spicy but as per food theory it involves six main tastes or rasas.

  • Madhura or sweet
  • Amala or sour
  • Tikta or bitter
  • Lavana or salty
  • Katu or pungent
  • Kashaya or astringent

Instead of checking the nutritional labels, these six tastes guide you naturally towards your body’s nutritional needs. Six tastes satisfy main dietary building blocks. For example, sweet foods are loaded with proteins, carbohydrates, fats and water, while astringent and bitter foods are rich in minerals and vitamins.

External influences

India has been involved in global trade routes for centuries, so it has naturally been exposed to worldwide cuisines. Many foods you enjoy today are influenced by cuisines ranging from Arab and Mediterranean to Central Asia and Persia. The yummy samosas to gulab jamuns you savor today are all imports.

Historic staple diet

From 6,000 B.C.E., Indian staple diet is still the same. It includes whole wheat flour, lentils, pearl millet, and rice.

Lengthy past of salt & pepper

For more than 5,000 years, India is producing salt in Rann of Kutch. The black pepper found in Indian kitchen was found from 2,000 B.C.E. Kerala was popular for black pepper exports in ancient times. It was familiar as ‘black gold’ and was very valued all around the world.

Land of spices

India is popular as ‘Land of Spices’. Large amount of spices is produced in India. Each Indian dish makes use of spices combined separately to create unique taste.

Three food categories

According to Ayurveda, India’s ancient medicinal system has divided food into three main categories –

  1. Sattvic – Natural and minimal processed food are said to be sattvic. Such foods offer purifying, positive, and calming effect on mind and boyd.
  2. Rajas – Oily, spicy, bitter, and salty food fall under rajas category. These foods drive competition, ambition, and egotistic pursuits.
  3. Tamas – Foods overly processed are tamas. These are toxic and hard to digest. They show negative effects on body and mind.

Hot chilli

India grows hottest chilli in Assam, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur. Bhut Jolokia [ghost pepper] is 400X hotter and was added in Guinness World Records [2007] as the hottest chilli.

With such facts you can impress your friend at the next Indian food treat!